Powdered milk is also known as powdered milk or milk powder.
A dairy product is a product that is obtained by evaporating the water in milk in such a way that it becomes a powder and its moisture is taken away.
Dry milk contains the nutrients found in fresh milk. Dry milk provides the nutrients our bones need, such as protein, calcium, vitamin D and vitamin A. Powdered milk is a source of protein and may be added to the diet of people who need more protein for some reason.
As the name implies, it is a milky white powder and has a texture with uniform particles.
How to prepare industrial dry milk from fresh milk in the factory
Fresh liquid milk is taken to the factory and placed in special milk storage tanks.
First of all, in the first stage, the fat in the milk must be removed from it to some extent.
This fat is sent to other units and in those parts it is used to prepare cream.
Using special dryers and existing dryers, the water inside the valve evaporates and its moisture is taken, and as a result, dry milk is obtained.
Classification of milk powder in terms of fat:
Depending on the amount of fat or protein in milk powder, there are several categories.
High-fat milk powder or whole milk powder (milk powder with 26% -40% milk fat (by weight).
Skim milk powder (skim milk powder), skim. Milk powder with 1.5% milk fat or less (by weight)
Skim milk is obtained by drying skim milk and is also known as skim milk powder and special milk powder.
Dough powder and dry dough. Milk powder is obtained by removing liquid buttermilk water.
Industrial milk powder classification in terms of protein content:
Milk powder or powdered milk with 33% protein
With 27% protein
With 21% protein.
Reasons for milk drying:
Its storage and storage time is much longer than liquid milk. Liquid milk stays healthy and does not spoil for only a few limited days and must be stored in the refrigerator at a low temperature and cool environment, but when the water in it And the moisture in it is taken away, it can stay healthy for about months, and it is also much more economical than using liquid milk due to its reduced volume for transportation and the cost of transportation and storage.
Dry milk and dairy products include:
Whole milk powder, skim milk or buttermilk, dry buttermilk, dry whey and dry dairy products and ingredients.
How to prepare powdered milk at home: Liquid milk can be turned into milk powder or powdered milk at home.
You may be wondering why you should do this!
One of the things you can do to take advantage of this is when you have a lot of milk and you can not consume it until it spoils.
In this case, you can safely turn liquid milk into milk powder or milk powder and mix it with water again when needed and use it to prepare a variety of breads, cakes, pastries or other snacks. In addition, due to the small volume and small space that milk powder occupies and also the lack of need to store in the refrigerator, the importance of converting liquid milk to dry milk is more.
No preservatives are required to preserve milk powder. It can be stored without chemicals.
Skim milk generally has a longer shelf life.
It is very easy to prepare industrial milk powder at home, in fact, there are several ways to prepare it. The first way to prepare it is on the stove. Heat it in a pot so that the water in it evaporates completely.
Another way is to dry it in a dryer tray.